[Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 download] PDF By Stephen Kotkin

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review Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 Ñ eBook or Kindle ePUB Ssion throwing global capital into crisis the Soviet Union's New Man looked like nothing so much as the man of the future As the shadows of the 30's deepen Stalin's drive to militarize Soviet society takes on increasing urgency and the ambition of Nazi Germany becomes the predominant geopolitical reality he faces when Hitler claims that communism is a global Judeo Bolshevik conspiracy to bring the Slavic race to power But just because they're out to get you doesn't mean you're not paranoid Stalin's paranoia is increasingly one of the most horrible facts of life for his entire country Stalin's obsessions drive him to violently purge almost a million people including military leadership diplomatic corps and intelligence apparatus to say nothing of a generation of artistic talent And then came the p. Stephen Kotkin is a historian who has written several outstanding books on Russian history and is now in the process of distilling his lifetime work into a monumental three part biography of Stalin Volume 1 dealt with Stalin s early life and his progress from relatively peripheral disciple of Lenin in 1917 to Lenin s handpicked general secretary of communist party in 1922 to undisputed though not yet completely all powerful boss and ruler of the Soviet Union by 1928 By the end of that volume Stalin was firmly ensconced in this position having successfully seen off the challenge from Trotsky who lost out partly because almost nobody around him liked him but mostly because he was neither as hardworking nor as competent iron willed or crafty as Stalin It is true that Trotsky imagined himself as the real Marxist intellectual in this fight but the autodidact Stalin was no intellectual slouch and Trotsky s low opinion of him in this arena is also a small part of why he lost this fight he underestimated his opponent Of course both of them believed fully in the Marxist Leninist picture of history and society complete with the necessity of class war the central role of the proletariat and the idiocy of the peasants so it is easy to dismiss the intellectual output of both parties as eually delusional but that is not how it looked in the 1920s so we should leave such retrospective wisdom out of the discussion In any case by 1928 Stalin had kicked Trotsky out of the Soviet Union and had defanged or sidelined all his other rivals within the Bolshevik leadershipStalin with LeninThe next phase was building socialism As Kotkin makes abundantly clear Stalin was power hungry and ultimately became one of history s greatest or vilest despots but he was not just power hungry He was also an idealist who believed in the revolution and its ideals and many if not all of his most vicious campaigns make no sense without this crucial aspect of his personality If all he had wanted was personal power there was no need to collectivize the peasantry and force the industrialization of Russia at such tremendous human cost Even the purges of 1937 39 were about than personal power though by the that time the personal and political were inseparable as Stalin and many other dedicated communists in the Soviet Union clearly felt that his person was essential to defending and completing the work of the great Bolshevik revolution Any way whether all good communists felt the need for a purge or not and surprisingly several including many who fell victim to it did express approval of the idea of a purge they all agreed that private agriculture had to go The only uestion was how uickly could this be done and what level of coercion was justified Many of them shrank from the massive human cost but almost none believed that socialism could be built without itThe Senior Bolshevik leadership in 1925The first third of the book deals with Stalin s attempt to fulfill this fundamental premise of Marxism Leninism by forced collectivization and industrialization at tremendous human cost As Kotkin makes clear the policy itself was not a Stalinist aberration but the will to carry it through and it could not have been carried through without massive coercion and cruelty in the face of such colossal human suffering did owe much to Stalin Kotkin describes this time with its immense challenges its horrendous cruelties its massive tragedies and yes its heroic achievements in great detail He is no fan of Stalin but he is not some sort of anti communist propagandist who is willing to entertain any smear in the service of the larger anti communist project For example he makes clear that while suffering in the Ukraine was immense it was not a systematic attempt to eradicate Ukraine or Ukrainians it was part and parcel of what happened to peasants everywhere in the USSR The highest death rates were not in Ukraine they were in Kazakhstan where up to half of the Kazakh population were killed via starvation exposure and illness as the Soviets forcibly de nomadized collectivized and rationalized modernized their society and many parts of Russia saw suffering and death on the same scale as Ukraine And while Jews Poles and other peripheral nationalities played a disproportionate role in the Soviet regime their gravitation to the Bolshevik party is not a total surprise given that they tended to be oppressed by the Czarist order and in the case of the Jews were disproportionately intellectuals and the pre 1917 Bolshevik party was not really a proletarian party it was a party of mostly impoverished certainly disaffected intellectuals They were also proportionately less among the victims in this stage because they were disproportionately urban while the suffering in this phase was mostly ruralThe living and the dead in UkraineBy 1934 the worse was over and the party celebrated at its congress of victors But the celebration did not last Hardly had the Soviet Union started to emerge from the terror of collectivization when it was pushed into the terror of the great purges of 1937 38 Kotkin argues that the ability to carry out such purges and the tendency to conduct them was built into the Leninist system a fact that is also borne out by the experience of other Leninist revolutions but the scale and cruelty of this particular purge did owe much to the personality and personal demons of Stalin Starting with the Kirov assassination Stalin turned on the party the military and the state apparatus itself using the NKVD to unleash a widening reign of terror that eventually led to 16 million arrests out of a total adult population of 100 million and over 800000 executions The terror unlike for example Mao s decentralized bottom up purge of the Chinese communist party in the cultural revolution was highly bureacratized and tightly controlled from above by Stalin and his NKVD chief Yezhov People were not killed by crazed mobs or local people s courts they were arrested and tortured by a vast and well organized system of oppression and terror uotas were set from above arrests were duly recorded as were confessions Show trials were conducted in some cases but most people were sentenced by special tribunals that decided the fate of hundreds of thousands but even during this industrial scale slaughter lists were made and they were duly presented to higher ups and signed by them At least 383 execution lists signed personally by Stalin have survived containing the names of than 43000 enemies of the people and freuently marked with comments and underlined in various colorsStalin with his prodigious appetite for work personally read the confessions of most high officials in many cases having personally ordered their arrests Confessions obtained by torture and sometimes splattered with the blood of the victims were duly presented to him and marked up by him in multi colored pencils and circulated among select members of his inner circle with his comments In his absence his leading henchmen eg Molotov Voroshilov Zhdanov and Mikoyan signed off on death lists but the big man generally kept a very close eye on things He also took sadistic pleasure in forcing his closest and most loyal colleagues to denounce and therefore condemn to torture and execution some of their favorites and even close relatives and friends Some like the heavy industry commissar Ordonikidze tried to resist the extension of the massacre to their own domains though they all supported the purging of other departments and Ordonikidze ended up killing himself but most of them joined in and not just from an instinct for self preservation There was genuine enthusiasm on the part of some for at least some part of the terrorThe book is incredibly detailed and well sourced and documented but even this book is enough to fully grasp all aspects of the terror The interested reader will have to read several other books to get a truly well rounded picture of this horror Suffice it to say that the scale of the purge defies explanation Stalin executed almost his entire military high command half of his central committee tens of thousands of loyal party functionaries and scores of thousands of lower level officials engineers and managers He decimated his own army and intelligence service decapitated the foreign service and undermined intelligence gathering operations all over the world the sheer scale and indiscriminate nature of it is examined from operational ideological or even personal psychological angles but by all of these criteria it still fails to make senseTHE ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE CP CENTRAL COMMITTEE names in red all executed on Stalin s orders The Central Committee of the Communist Party in The names in red were later executed on Stalin s orders SOURCEMost of those killed were loyal party members and almost all of them were innocent of the fantastic crimes they were forced to confess to by NKVD torturers The details are horrendous but they are also worth reading There have been other reigns of terror in history but none that really matches this one in its ferocity its apparent pointlessness and its iterative cycle of auto annihilation with betrayers and accusers soon ending up facing the same fate as the friends and colleagues they had just betrayed Ultimately Yezhov and Frinovsky the very top people in the NKVD who carried out the worst of the terror were themselves arrested and tortured and duly confessed to the same fantastic crimes before being shot by the same executioners over the course of the terror the NKVD arrested than 20000 of its own employees as suspected traitorsA picture of Stalin with NKVD chief Yezhov who was later excised from the picture after his own executionKotkin explores many factors that led to the purge but no single factor fully explains it Stalin s increasing personal paranoia the fundamentally paranoid nature of the Leninist state the existence of a coercive apparatus that could extract confessions from anyone and that then ended up arresting and getting confessions from everyone named in the first fake confession even the urge to replace existing functionaries with younger and better men all these probably played a role but no explanation is fully satisfactory No wonder Yuri Slezkine fell back on a primarily religious explanation akin to scapegoating and witch hunts than rational statecraft Through all this Kotkin also provides us with a very balanced and nuanced analysis of world affairs and the strategic challenges faced and freuently met by Stalin and the nascent Soviet state In the first part of the book the main threat is from an increasingly aggressive and expansionist Japan and Stalin worked hard to try and stiffen Chinese resistance including pressurizing the Chinese communists to cooperate with the Nationalist regime in the struggle against Japan In the second half of the book the threat is from Germany and the last part reads almost like a thriller as Germany the Soviet Union and the Western powers all play games with each other as the international order falls apart Hitler moves relentlessly towards his goal of reversing Versailles achieved without war and easily than he might have imagined possible and then towards European domination All major powers miscalculate misstep miscegnate and betray smaller states at various points in the story with Hitler and Stalin appearing first as early winners Hitler in his lightning wars Stalin in his non aggression pact and subseuent re expansion of the Soviet Union to the widest Czarist frontiers and beyond in Poland the Baltics Finland and Bessarabia and then as inevitable opponents headed for the greatest military clash in human historyThe last few chapters are a relentless drumbeat of Nazi preparations for an invasion of the Soviet Union all delivered to Stalin but so mixed up with disinformation and confusing signals that Kotkin makes Stalin s unwillingness to believe this flood of evidence a little understandable than it is in propagandistic or superficial descriptions of this crucial period Stalin s stubborn miscalculation will of course greatly magnify the scale of early Soviet defeats and will cause the deaths of hundreds of thousands of ill prepared and ill positioned Soviet troops but Kotkin also makes clear that the logic of total war and zero sum international competition that had gripped Europe overwhelmingly but not entirely thanks to Hitler made the overall clash inevitable and all these setbacks and miscalculations will eventually become mere details in a much bigger drama In the end it was Hitler who miscalculated most fatally not Stalin but that is subject of the next volume and we must wait for it There is much in this amazing book for example we learn in great detail about Stalin s daily routine he was an insomniac and the high command adjusted to his schedule the day starting at 3 or 4 PM with meetings until late into the night freuently followed by long sessions of chatting eating drinking listening to music and dancing he never danced but he did make his subordinates dance his personal life loving letters to his wife but also arguments and finally her depression and suicide followed by his very real grief his children his sons were mostly neglected but when he could he doted on his daughter he did not try to promote any of his children and scolded school and military academy officials who tried to curry favor by writing gushing reports about them how he picked his office director Proskryobishev like Stalin the son of a cobbler who was told upon his selection you have a frightful look about you you will terrify people who he relaxed with first Lakoba who was later sidelined and probably poisoned by Beria then Kirov who was shot by a down and out expelled party member Kotkin thinks without Stalin s involvement and so on We learn how prepared he was at meetings very well prepared indeed what he liked to drink mostly Georgian wine what he smoked cigarette tobacco in a pipe his taste in the arts he gravitated towards folk music but also enjoyed classical music ballet and theater he read widely assiduously promoted writers and artists was very interested in the cinema and so on and his mastery of detail including detailed knowledge of modern weapons and an ability to ask pertinent and very probing uestions of technical personnel who presented him with information I could go on and on but this is an 1100 page book and you will have to read it to get the full benefit of it and I strongly recommend that you do Mate Hunt Dragonmen #1 reality he faces when Hitler claims that communism is a global Judeo Bolshevik conspiracy to bring the Slavic Junior Hero Blues race to power But just because they're out to get you doesn't mean you're not paranoid Stalin's paranoia is increasingly one of the most horrible facts of life for his entire country Stalin's obsessions drive him to violently purge almost a million people including military leadership diplomatic corps and intelligence apparatus to say nothing of a generation of artistic talent And then came the p. Stephen Kotkin is a historian who has written several outstanding books on Russian history and is now in the process of distilling his lifetime work into a monumental three part biography of Stalin Volume 1 dealt with Stalin s early life and his progress from Banged by Daddys Best Friend relatively peripheral disciple of Lenin in 1917 to Lenin s handpicked general secretary of communist party in 1922 to undisputed though not yet completely all powerful boss and The Baroness Black Gold ruler of the Soviet Union by 1928 By the end of that volume Stalin was firmly ensconced in this position having successfully seen off the challenge from Trotsky who lost out partly because almost nobody around him liked him but mostly because he was neither as hardworking nor as competent iron willed or crafty as Stalin It is true that Trotsky imagined himself as the OMG So Taboo real Marxist intellectual in this fight but the autodidact Stalin was no intellectual slouch and Trotsky s low opinion of him in this arena is also a small part of why he lost this fight he underestimated his opponent Of course both of them believed fully in the Marxist Leninist picture of history and society complete with the necessity of class war the central The Fortune Teller role of the proletariat and the idiocy of the peasants so it is easy to dismiss the intellectual output of both parties as eually delusional but that is not how it looked in the 1920s so we should leave such Secret Histories A Repairman Jack Novel retrospective wisdom out of the discussion In any case by 1928 Stalin had kicked Trotsky out of the Soviet Union and had defanged or sidelined all his other Put Me On The Potty Mommy A Kids Book On Potty Training The Fun Way rivals within the Bolshevik leadershipStalin with LeninThe next phase was building socialism As Kotkin makes abundantly clear Stalin was power hungry and ultimately became one of history s greatest or vilest despots but he was not just power hungry He was also an idealist who believed in the Galina revolution and its ideals and many if not all of his most vicious campaigns make no sense without this crucial aspect of his personality If all he had wanted was personal power there was no need to collectivize the peasantry and force the industrialization of Russia at such tremendous human cost Even the purges of 1937 39 were about than personal power though by the that time the personal and political were inseparable as Stalin and many other dedicated communists in the Soviet Union clearly felt that his person was essential to defending and completing the work of the great Bolshevik You Can't See Your Bones with Binoculars You Can'tàseies revolution Any way whether all good communists felt the need for a purge or not and surprisingly several including many who fell victim to it did express approval of the idea of a purge they all agreed that private agriculture had to go The only uestion was how uickly could this be done and what level of coercion was justified Many of them shrank from the massive human cost but almost none believed that socialism could be built without itThe Senior Bolshevik leadership in 1925The first third of the book deals with Stalin s attempt to fulfill this fundamental premise of Marxism Leninism by forced collectivization and industrialization at tremendous human cost As Kotkin makes clear the policy itself was not a Stalinist aberration but the will to carry it through and it could not have been carried through without massive coercion and cruelty in the face of such colossal human suffering did owe much to Stalin Kotkin describes this time with its immense challenges its horrendous cruelties its massive tragedies and yes its heroic achievements in great detail He is no fan of Stalin but he is not some sort of anti communist propagandist who is willing to entertain any smear in the service of the larger anti communist project For example he makes clear that while suffering in the Ukraine was immense it was not a systematic attempt to eradicate Ukraine or Ukrainians it was part and parcel of what happened to peasants everywhere in the USSR The highest death جای خالی سلوچ rates were not in Ukraine they were in Kazakhstan where up to half of the Kazakh population were killed via starvation exposure and illness as the Soviets forcibly de nomadized collectivized and বঙ্গবন্ধু শেখ মুজিবকে ঘিরে কিছু ঘটনা ও বাংলাদেশ rationalized modernized their society and many parts of Russia saw suffering and death on the same scale as Ukraine And while Jews Poles and other peripheral nationalities played a disproportionate Historys Naughty Bits regime their gravitation to the Bolshevik party is not a total surprise given that they tended to be oppressed by the Czarist order and in the case of the Jews were disproportionately intellectuals and the pre 1917 Bolshevik party was not The Sound and the Fury really a proletarian party it was a party of mostly impoverished certainly disaffected intellectuals They were also proportionately less among the victims in this stage because they were disproportionately urban while the suffering in this phase was mostly Below the Surface Code of Silence #3 ruralThe living and the dead in UkraineBy 1934 the worse was over and the party celebrated at its congress of victors But the celebration did not last Hardly had the Soviet Union started to emerge from the terror of collectivization when it was pushed into the terror of the great purges of 1937 38 Kotkin argues that the ability to carry out such purges and the tendency to conduct them was built into the Leninist system a fact that is also borne out by the experience of other Leninist Linspired revolutions but the scale and cruelty of this particular purge did owe much to the personality and personal demons of Stalin Starting with the Kirov assassination Stalin turned on the party the military and the state apparatus itself using the NKVD to unleash a widening Fogging Over reign of terror that eventually led to 16 million arrests out of a total adult population of 100 million and over 800000 executions The terror unlike for example Mao s decentralized bottom up purge of the Chinese communist party in the cultural Rosa de fuego revolution was highly bureacratized and tightly controlled from above by Stalin and his NKVD chief Yezhov People were not killed by crazed mobs or local people s courts they were arrested and tortured by a vast and well organized system of oppression and terror uotas were set from above arrests were duly Lions Aren't Scared of Shots A Story for Children About Visiting the Doctor recorded as were confessions Show trials were conducted in some cases but most people were sentenced by special tribunals that decided the fate of hundreds of thousands but even during this industrial scale slaughter lists were made and they were duly presented to higher ups and signed by them At least 383 execution lists signed personally by Stalin have survived containing the names of than 43000 enemies of the people and freuently marked with comments and underlined in various colorsStalin with his prodigious appetite for work personally Crunch Whole Grain Artisan Chips and Crackers Low Fat Low Sugar Low Salt Snack Garnish or Croutons New Easy No roll method read the confessions of most high officials in many cases having personally ordered their arrests Confessions obtained by torture and sometimes splattered with the blood of the victims were duly presented to him and marked up by him in multi colored pencils and circulated among select members of his inner circle with his comments In his absence his leading henchmen eg Molotov Voroshilov Zhdanov and Mikoyan signed off on death lists but the big man generally kept a very close eye on things He also took sadistic pleasure in forcing his closest and most loyal colleagues to denounce and therefore condemn to torture and execution some of their favorites and even close Biology California Student Edition relatives and friends Some like the heavy industry commissar Ordonikidze tried to Disciple resist the extension of the massacre to their own domains though they all supported the purging of other departments and Ordonikidze ended up killing himself but most of them joined in and not just from an instinct for self preservation There was genuine enthusiasm on the part of some for at least some part of the terrorThe book is incredibly detailed and well sourced and documented but even this book is enough to fully grasp all aspects of the terror The interested Experience Passport reader will have to A Shifters Curse Rouen Chronicles #1 read several other books to get a truly well Kinky Mom rounded picture of this horror Suffice it to say that the scale of the purge defies explanation Stalin executed almost his entire military high command half of his central committee tens of thousands of loyal party functionaries and scores of thousands of lower level officials engineers and managers He decimated his own army and intelligence service decapitated the foreign service and undermined intelligence gathering operations all over the world the sheer scale and indiscriminate nature of it is examined from operational ideological or even personal psychological angles but by all of these criteria it still fails to make senseTHE ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE CP CENTRAL COMMITTEE names in Hungover Blurred Lines #2 red all executed on Stalin s orders The Central Committee of the Communist Party in The names in Punishment Enema reading There have been other Real Time Marketing PR reigns of terror in history but none that The Secret Jews really matches this one in its ferocity its apparent pointlessness and its iterative cycle of auto annihilation with betrayers and accusers soon ending up facing the same fate as the friends and colleagues they had just betrayed Ultimately Yezhov and Frinovsky the very top people in the NKVD who carried out the worst of the terror were themselves arrested and tortured and duly confessed to the same fantastic crimes before being shot by the same executioners over the course of the terror the NKVD arrested than 20000 of its own employees as suspected traitorsA picture of Stalin with NKVD chief Yezhov who was later excised from the picture after his own executionKotkin explores many factors that led to the purge but no single factor fully explains it Stalin s increasing personal paranoia the fundamentally paranoid nature of the Leninist state the existence of a coercive apparatus that could extract confessions from anyone and that then ended up arresting and getting confessions from everyone named in the first fake confession even the urge to Love Arrives in Pieces replace existing functionaries with younger and better men all these probably played a I Am role but no explanation is fully satisfactory No wonder Yuri Slezkine fell back on a primarily La ficcion Fidel religious explanation akin to scapegoating and witch hunts than Run with Me rational statecraft Through all this Kotkin also provides us with a very balanced and nuanced analysis of world affairs and the strategic challenges faced and freuently met by Stalin and the nascent Soviet state In the first part of the book the main threat is from an increasingly aggressive and expansionist Japan and Stalin worked hard to try and stiffen Chinese The Social History of Art Volume 1 From Prehistoric Times to the Middle Ages resistance including pressurizing the Chinese communists to cooperate with the Nationalist Dare Mighty Things regime in the struggle against Japan In the second half of the book the threat is from Germany and the last part BULLDOGS #2 reads almost like a thriller as Germany the Soviet Union and the Western powers all play games with each other as the international order falls apart Hitler moves Hypnotizing His Sissy Boy 1 relentlessly towards his goal of The Arbiter and the Mummys Curse reversing Versailles achieved without war and easily than he might have imagined possible and then towards European domination All major powers miscalculate misstep miscegnate and betray smaller states at various points in the story with Hitler and Stalin appearing first as early winners Hitler in his lightning wars Stalin in his non aggression pact and subseuent The Thomas Crown Affair re expansion of the Soviet Union to the widest Czarist frontiers and beyond in Poland the Baltics Finland and Bessarabia and then as inevitable opponents headed for the greatest military clash in human historyThe last few chapters are a uadrivium The Four Classical Liberal Arts of Number Geometry Music Cosmology relentless drumbeat of Nazi preparations for an invasion of the Soviet Union all delivered to Stalin but so mixed up with disinformation and confusing signals that Kotkin makes Stalin s unwillingness to believe this flood of evidence a little understandable than it is in propagandistic or superficial descriptions of this crucial period Stalin s stubborn miscalculation will of course greatly magnify the scale of early Soviet defeats and will cause the deaths of hundreds of thousands of ill prepared and ill positioned Soviet troops but Kotkin also makes clear that the logic of total war and zero sum international competition that had gripped Europe overwhelmingly but not entirely thanks to Hitler made the overall clash inevitable and all these setbacks and miscalculations will eventually become mere details in a much bigger drama In the end it was Hitler who miscalculated most fatally not Stalin but that is subject of the next volume and we must wait for it There is much in this amazing book for example we learn in great detail about Stalin s daily The Unrepentant routine he was an insomniac and the high command adjusted to his schedule the day starting at 3 or 4 PM with meetings until late into the night freuently followed by long sessions of chatting eating drinking listening to music and dancing he never danced but he did make his subordinates dance his personal life loving letters to his wife but also arguments and finally her depression and suicide followed by his very Time Has Come real grief his children his sons were mostly neglected but when he could he doted on his daughter he did not try to promote any of his children and scolded school and military academy officials who tried to curry favor by writing gushing Princess Natasha #3 Game Over As seen on Cartoon Network Princess Natasha reports about them how he picked his office director Proskryobishev like Stalin the son of a cobbler who was told upon his selection you have a frightful look about you you will terrify people who he بانگ جرسراهنماي مشكلات ديوان حافظ relaxed with first Lakoba who was later sidelined and probably poisoned by Beria then Kirov who was shot by a down and out expelled party member Kotkin thinks without Stalin s involvement and so on We learn how prepared he was at meetings very well prepared indeed what he liked to drink mostly Georgian wine what he smoked cigarette tobacco in a pipe his taste in the arts he gravitated towards folk music but also enjoyed classical music ballet and theater he خاطرات دکتر قاسم غنی read widely assiduously promoted writers and artists was very interested in the cinema and so on and his mastery of detail including detailed knowledge of modern weapons and an ability to ask pertinent and very probing uestions of technical personnel who presented him with information I could go on and on but this is an 1100 page book and you will have to بحث در آثار و افکار و احوال حافظ read it to get the full benefit of it and I strongly Eulogy to an Unknown Tree recommend that you do

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review Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 Ñ eBook or Kindle ePUB Act that shocked the world and demoralized leftists everywhere Stalin's pact with Hitler in 1939 the carve up of Poland and Stalin's utter inability to see Hitler's build up to the invasion of the USSR Yet for all that in just 12 years of total power Stalin has taken this country from a peasant economy to a formidable modern war machine that rivaled anything else in the world When the invasion came Stalin wasn't ready but his country would prove to be prepared That is a dimension of the Stalin story that has never adeuately been reckoned with before and it looms large here Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 is like its predecessor nothing less than a history of the world from Stalin's desk It is also like its predecessor a landmark achievement in the annals of its field and in the biographer's a. Huge and time consuming but makes you understand the big picture much better Lila and Alex short story Lila #21 rivaled anything else in the world When the invasion came Stalin wasn't Burning Attraction ready but his country would prove to be prepared That is a dimension of the Stalin story that has never adeuately been The Numbers Game Baseball's Lifelong Fascination with Statistics reckoned with before and it looms large here Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 is like its predecessor nothing less than a history of the world from Stalin's desk It is also like its predecessor a landmark achievement in the annals of its field and in the biographer's a. Huge and time consuming but makes you understand the big picture much better

read é eBook or Kindle ePUB È Stephen Kotkin

review Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 Ñ eBook or Kindle ePUB Pulitzer Prize finalist Stephen Kotkin continues his definitive biography of Stalin from collectivization and the Great Terror through to the coming of the conflict with Hitler's Germany that is the signal event of modern world historyWhen we left Stalin at the end of Stalin Paradoxes of Power 1878 1928 it was 1928 and he had finally climbed the mountaintop and achieved dictatorial power of the Soviet empire The vastest peasant economy in the world would be transformed into socialist modernity whatever it took What it took or what Stalin believed it took was the most relentless campaign of shock industrialization the world has ever seen This is the story of the five year plans the new factory towns and the integration of an entire system of penal labor into the larger economy With the Great Depre. This was even better than Volume I if that is even possible Volume II gets into the meat of the dictatorship leading up to World War II The primary focus is the infamous purge when Stalin killed just about everybody The only rational reason for his unbelievable cruelty and sheer disregard for human life because he could There was really no rhyme or reason for completely decimating the entire cabinet and the military The best estimate is 750000 people were sent to the Gulag to die or were often just killed outright in prisons after confessing to various and assundry fabricated crimes against the Stateideology I thought my outrage was spent when he starved the citizens as a result of collectivization in such a cavalier cold hearted manner What he did during the Great Purge left me incredulous sickened and sorrowful One of the best parts of Stephen Kotkin obvious commitment to make this series of biographies about Joseph Stalin thorough is his deep deep understanding of the peoples cultures lifestyles personalities and atmosphere that operated in Soviet Russia He also makes sure to provide full backgrounds of not only those in Stalin s immediate sphere but all of the major and minor players who play a role in world politics and government Hitler Franco Churchill Roosevelt Mao Zedong etc etc He really fleshes out everyone from the era 1929 1941 by providing their backgrounds education and roles in the world I practically stalked Stephen Kotkin and his publisher online to catch the release date for this book Luckily a client gave me a 50 Barnes Noble Gift Card so I did not need to get a library book which would be subject to a cup of coffee This is an absolutely outstanding book and I cannot wait for Volume III So I am back to stalking Stephen Kotkin