[Harry J. Gensler] download Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy epub

read & download å eBook or Kindle ePUB à Harry J. Gensler

Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy

read & download å eBook or Kindle ePUB à Harry J. Gensler review Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy × eBook or Kindle ePUB Harry J. Gensler à 3 download Ethics introduces the issues and controversies of contemporary moral philosophy to undergraduate students who have already done an introductory course in philosophy It will help students to think clearly about how to form their moral beliefs in the wisest and most r A highly biased book It claims to be neutral But most of the book it spends time on arguing for the golden rule Most manifestly he mentions Kohlberg s stages of moral development which is highly outdated But with a twist Let s first see what his stages are according to wikipediaLevel 1 Pre Conventional1 Obedience and punishment orientationHow can I avoid punishment2 Self interest orientationWhat s in it for mePaying for a benefitLevel 2 Conventional3 Interpersonal accord and conformitySocial normsThe good boygirl attitude4 Authority and social order maintaining orientationLaw and order moralityLevel 3 Post Conventional5 Social contract orientation6 Universal ethical principlesPrincipled consciencelet s now see them according to Gesler1 Punishmentobedience bad is what brings punishment2 Rewards Good is what brings what you want3 Parental approval Good Is what pleases Mommy and Daddy4 Social approval Good is what is socially approved5 Utilitarian Good is what promotes society s welfare6 Impartial Principles good is what expresses consistency justice and eual dignity act only as you re willing that anyone act in the same situation regardless of where you imagine yourself in that situationNot very similar right I don t even mean the wording Please take a look at the explanation for the 5th and 6th stagesIn Stage five social contract driven the world is viewed as holding different opinions rights and values Such perspectives should be mutually respected as uniue to each person or community Laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts Those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed when necessary to meet the greatest good for the greatest number of people8 This is achieved through majority decision and inevitable compromise Democratic government is ostensibly based on stage five reasoningIn Stage six universal ethical principles driven moral reasoning is based on abstract reasoning using universal ethical principles Laws are valid only insofar as they are grounded in justice and a commitment to justice carries with it an obligation to disobey unjust laws Legal rights are unnecessary as social contracts are not essential for deontic moral action Decisions are not reached hypothetically in a conditional way but rather categorically in an absolute way as in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant18 This involves an individual imagining what they would do in another s shoes if they believed what that other person imagines to be true19 The resulting consensus is the action taken In this way action is never a means but always an end in itself the individual acts because it is right and not because it avoids punishment is in their best interest expected legal or previously agreed upon Although Kohlberg insisted that stage six exists he found it difficult to identify individuals who consistently operated at that level15 Touro College Researcher Arthur P Sullivan helped support the accuracy of Kohlberg s first five stages through data analysis but could not provide statistical evidence for the existence of Kohlberg s sixth stage Therefore it is difficult to definerecognize as a concrete stage in moral developmentThe author claims to do a very analytical criticism of different views on ethics But he fails to not resort to using unintuitive implications against the original idea Even though he identifies them as difficult bullets to swallow he still uses them against a view His uses of terms such as absolutism and objectivism are highly confusing and it doesn t conform to the standard usages I actually started reading the book with an extremely optimistic attitude But it managed to make me hate it The one thing that I can say is impressive about this book is it s beautifully structured content It s organized as a textbook broken down into parts chapters sub chapter and standardized headings But it fails to make much sense after that

free download Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy

read & download å eBook or Kindle ePUB à Harry J. Gensler review Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy × eBook or Kindle ePUB Harry J. Gensler à 3 download ReaderUniue features of the textbook boxed key ideas Glossary of philosophical terms Chapter summaries and study uestions Annotated further reading and Internet Web resourcesThere is an associated website for teachers and students at wwwroutledgecomroutledgephiloso This is great summary of different views on moral philosophy It explains almost all views including Social relativism subjectivism ideal observer view emotivism intiutionism prescriptivism The second part of the book deals with normative ethics explaining consenuentalism and nonconsenuentalism I am not philosophy student but this book was very understandable to me I was able to comprehend almost everything and it helped me a lot to understand better some deep truths

read & download å eBook or Kindle ePUB à Harry J. Gensler

read & download å eBook or Kindle ePUB à Harry J. Gensler review Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy × eBook or Kindle ePUB Harry J. Gensler à 3 download Ational way The basic approaches to metaethics and normative ethics are related to specific issues particularly those of racism education and abortion Written in a clear and concise way by an experienced textbook author Ethics will also be of interest to the general

  • Paperback
  • 224
  • Ethics A Contemporary Introduction Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy
  • Harry J. Gensler
  • English
  • 01 April 2018
  • 9780415156257